WWII: The Axis Wars
In 1923 Hitler and his supporters attempt to overthrow the Weimar Republic in a failed coup based out of Munich. The city would once again become a Nazi stronghold when the National Socialists took power in Germany in 1933. The National Socialist Workers Party created the first concentration camp at Dachau, 10 miles (16 km) north-west of the city. Because of its importance to the rise of National Socialism, Munich was referred to as the Hauptstadt der Bewegung (“Capital of the Movement”). The NSDAP headquarters were in Munich and many Führerbauten (“Führer-buildings”) were built around the Königsplatz.
Some of Germany’s greatest houses of art, education and science can be found in the city of Munich. Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (or the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich) is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in Europe at the time. The University of Music and Performing Arts and Academy of Fine Arts are also found in Munich, producing some of the finest musicians and artists of the era (though not Hitler, he was denied admittance twice). The Deutsches Museum was (and still is) the largest museum of technology and science, floating on an island in the center of the Isar river that flows through Munich.